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Research Tips

Research papers | Use the Catalog | Use the Internet | Citation guide | Citing E-books

Writing Research Papers

Not sure where to start? Here's a partial list of the library's resources on writing research papers, with links to Google Books for summaries and reviews.

Using the Catalog

Using the Internet

There's a lot of information out there on the Internet, but finding what you're looking for can be tricky, especially if you're not sure exactly what you need. Here are some online guides to help you with that:

And here are a few places to start looking:

For more online resources, visit our reference toolkit and subject guides. And if you find a helpful website not linked to here, please This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Citation Guide

Importance & Purpose of Citation
Proper citation is extremely important for academic integrity. Citing sources serves three important purposes:

  1. It credits the established work of others.
  2. It provides a means for adhering to copyright law and guards against plagiarism.
  3. It helps readers conduct further research on an issue and follow the development of an argument.

Citation Styles
The two most popular citation styles used at Biblical are Chicago Manual of Style and APA. Most programs prefer, but don't require, Chicago. The MA in Counseling (MAC) program requires the APA format. For most programs and courses, students should follow the preference of their professor. The most popular choice for other biblical studies is Turabian. It is highly recommended that students have a copy of the latest edition readily accessible while writing their papers or access one of the online resources at the following websites.

Chicago: The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition
Ref Z 253 .U69 1993 (14th edition)

Ohio State University's Chicago Citation Style Guide
Chicago Manual of Style Online Quick Guide
Automatic Citation Generator

APA: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition. Ref BF 76.7 .P8 2001 and BF 76.7 .P8 2001 (Library of Congress Room #1)

Purdue's APA Citation Style Guide
Citation Machine
APA Style Guide FAQs

Turabian: A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 6th edition by Kate L. Turabian. Ref LB 2369 .T87 1996 and LB 2369 .T87 1996 (Library of Congress Room #3)

Ohio State University's Turabian Citation Style Guide
University of Georgia's Turabian Citation Style Guide
Citation Machine

MLA: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th edition. Ref LB 2369 .G53 2003 and LB 2369 .G53 2003 (Library of Congress Room #3)

Purdue's MLA Citation Style Guide
Citation Machine
Online University MLA style guide

SBL: The SBL Handbook of Style: For Ancient near Eastern, Biblical, and Early Christian Studies. (Available at the circulation desk)

Rochester College's SBL Citation Style Guide
SBL's Student Supplement to the SBL Citation Style Guide (PDF)
Lycoming College's SBL Citation Style Guide

Citing E-Books (e.g., Kindle)

Kindles and other e-book reader formats are still a relatively young technology that is gaining in popularity, but is not in widespread use yet. Therefore, it is important that you check with each professor about their personal policy on e-books to see if they still require students using Kindles to locate the quote or cited section in the print form. Also, when citing or quoting a resource, it is important to keep in mind that the purposes are to give credit to the originating author’s ideas and to help direct your readers to your sources if they wish to further their own research.

Thus, for Kindles and other e-books, utilize guidelines for direct quotations of online materials (all citation formats and manuals have slightly different rules for these resources) and for the Kindle, conclude with the Kindle “location numbers” (which are static) and a DOI (digital object identifier) when it is available. Thus, the citation would end with the following format (chapter title, subsection title (if one exists), paragraph number (would have to count the paragraphs from beginning of chapter or its subsection, Kindle location number or DOI).

Please note that while Kindle books have static “location numbers,” the numbers will not help anyone who doesn’t have access to a Kindle. Also, some recommend identifying the Kindle book version that you used.

For a helpful blog posting addressing this issue, see Chelsea Lee’s thoughts on this subject http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2009/09/how-do-i-cite-a-kindle.html

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